Kitchen Ventilation forms a very important purpose if you are using a gas cooktop or are planning one. The main purpose of ventilation is to reduce heat and condensation as well as cooking smells by extracting them outside. So in case you do a lot of greasy cooking with smoke on your range then you need to have proper ventilation in place.
Choosing the Ventilation Hood
There are mainly 6 types of range hoods:
1. Under Cabinet Hoods
As the name suggests, these hoods are mounted under your kitchen cabinet right above your gas range. Such hoods can be ducted or non-ducted and can range from economy to high-end models.
2. Pro Hoods
They are slightly larger than but look much similar to under cabinet hoods. Do you cook a lot? And do you prefer the looks of a bigger hood? Then pro hoods are for you! They also can be ducted or non-ducted.
3. Wall Hoods
These hoods are also known as chimney hoods. They are mounted on the wall above your gas range. There is no need of cabinet with this kind of hood. In case you have a cabinet above your range, you will have to remove it. Wall hoods look good from the style point of view. They also can be ducted or non-ducted.
4. Ceiling Hoods
They are also known as island hoods. As the name suggests, they hang from the roof above your range. If you have your gas range in Island kitchen layout, then these hoods are suitable to you. But be aware that if your hood is quite higher than the range, then go for larger and powerful hood with more CFM (cubic feet per minute) than the regular one.
5. Downdraft Hoods
These hoods can be used in Kitchen with Island or Peninsula layout. As the name suggests, the air is pulled downwards in the basement or under the floor and then pushed out. If you don’t like your hood hanging from the ceiling and don’t want to block the view in your Island layout, then go for Downdraft hood as these hoods pop out only when in use. But again, they are less efficient than other hoods as they have to work against the natural movement of air, which is upward.
6. Power Packs or Liners or Inserts
If you are looking for a custom made range hood, then go for Power packs. They are also known as Power Liners or Power Inserts. As per your taste, you may get them fit in plaster, metal or wood or any other material.
Some people think it necessary to install a wall ventilation fan in the kitchen along with the hood. It is totally unnecessary as wall fan is of no use in clearing fumes from over the gas range. And in case you already have a wall fan, then switch it off while using your range hood otherwise it may interfere in its performance.
Choosing the Power of your Range Hood
The power of range hoods is measured in CFM (cubic feet per minute), i.e. the quantity of air being sucked in per minute. Installing a range hood with higher CFM is always a plus as it removes all the bad smells and odors quickly. The rule of thumb however is to divide total BTUs (british thermal units) of your gas range by 100. For instance, if the total BTUs of your range are 45,000; then go for range hood with at least 450 CFM.
Filter for your Range Hood
There are mainly 2 types of filters. If you are going for a ducted hood, then choose aluminum filter. And if you are going for a non-duct hood then choose charcoal filter. Aluminum filters are washable in your dishwasher and have to be washed every month to remove the trapped grease. On the other hand, charcoal filters are not washable, but have to replaced by a new one after few months of use. Some hoods have indicator lights to alert when to change the charcoal filter.
Deciding upon the Sound Level of Range Hood
The sound of range hoods is measures in ‘sones’. 1 sone is equal to 40 decibels, while 2 sones are equal to 50 decibels, and 3 sones are equal to 56 decibels while 4 sones are equal to 60 decibels and so on. Please note that higher the CFM, higher will be the sone rating. So look for a balance between right CFM and sound level as per your need.
Other aspects of Range Hoods Which you May Consider
Some hoods have speed control functionality, which allows you to control the hood fan infinitely, just like dimmer switch.
Lighting is included in almost all the hoods with indicators like halogen, fluorescent, incandescent or light emitting diodes.
Some hoods have heat sensor which automatically adjusts the blower to
As the name suggests, this functionality shuts the fan off after a designated time.
I am sure, this guide will help you to choose the right ventilation hood for your Gas Range. All the best!