In this article, we will try to answer how to use a sewing machine. What is a sewing machine? This is a machine, and it can be stitched together by a thread, material, and fabric. The manual sewing machine or mechanical sewing machine is slow and not productive on a commercial basis. According to the historical facts, keeping that in mind Thomas Saint, an Englishman, produced the first sewing machine in 1790. Since then, sewing machines have been greatly helping the industry.
Types of Sewing machine:
There are many types of sewing machines in the industrial garment sector. These machines run on power and at a very high speed for faster production. There are different kinds of sewing machines based on their stitch and seam classes. Here we will give a shortlist of some common sewing machines and what they do in a concise manner. We will also try to give examples that will help readers understand the machines and their purpose to some extent.
Single Sewing Machine Needle Lock Stitch Machine:
This machine does stitch class 301 lock stitches. These stitch classes take one bobbin thread and one needle thread. This is very common in this industry. You can also find a computerized version of this machine.
Usually, if you want to join multiple plies of fabric together. This machine can handle heavy to lightweight materials.
Overlock Sewing Machine:
These types of machines are for sewing over the edge for 3, 4, and 5 threads. This type of machine can perform straight stitch classes 503, 504, and 512.
You need this machine to do the serging of garment panels like panel serging of trousers and to do stitches like overedge stitches. You need this machine type in sewing knitted garments, for example, you will need this machine for stitching the side seam of various types of shirts.
Flatlock sewing machine:
Their machine can do cover stitches. These machines have multiple needles. These machines can do stitch classes such as 406. The machine passes two needle-thread passes through the materials, and one looper thread inter-loops with the underside seam stitch. There are two different types of flatlock machines – cylinder bed machines and flatbed machines.
These machines work on the hemming of the bottom and sleeve of knitting garments. To decorate a certain part of the garment, you can use a cover-stitch machine.
Feed off the Arm:
To make felt and flat seams, you can use this kind of machine. The special chain stitch is formed by the 2 needle threads.
This machine is used in making flat and fell seams. Two-needle threads form the chain stitch. You can use this machine to do the underarms, side seam allowance, and inseam of jeans.
Button Attaching Machine:
You need this machine to do the buttons of a garment. You change settings to attach buttons of various kinds to the garments.
This machine automatically affixes the buttons to a garment.
Button Hole Machine:
To make holes for buttons on a garment, you will need this kind of machine. You can make buttonholes of varying densities of stitches. For example, the stitch densities of polo shirts, shirts, or trousers are all different from each other.
To make the components of a garment and the seam more durable and stronger you need to use the Bartack stitches. For example, when you make a pocket, you need to reinforce the closing ends of the pocket stronger and the loop for the belt around the waistline – you need these Bartack stitches.
Zigzag sewing machine:
To do the zigzag stitches, you need to use this machine. For example, you need this machine for manufacturing bras and jackets.
Double-needle lock stitch machine:
To sew 2 stitch lines simultaneously on the same part of a garment, you need this machine. With this machine, you can do these kinds of stitches very quickly.
How to Use a Sewing machine:
It is not easy to explain how to use a sewing machine because there are so many different types of machines. Therefore, to solve this predicament, we will take a common sewing machine and note down each of its parts, and then tell you, in short, how to use these parts. This way, you will learn how to use the whole thing with all of its parts together.
To hold the fabric down by pressing and then feeding to the ‘feed dog’ you use the presser foot. This provides stability to your stitch work. The lever that works as your footrest should be the presser to control the pressing. But this position may differ based on the build and brand of your machine. These pressures even vary in types and need their sections. For example, overedge foot, satin, zipper, and button stitch.
This part of the machine helps you to easily pass your garments to the needles. They are made from metal and look like teeth. You will be able to find them beneath the plate. It grabs and then pushes the fabric back. You can always configure this because you have to lower down the teeth during sewing. Consult your manual to find the configuration switch.
The needle is a very important thing for a sewing machine. It is a pointy fine metal stick with a very narrow hole at the end of the stick, where you put your thread through. Needles need to be tightened properly otherwise, accidents may occur.
This part of the sewing machine tightly holds the needle. Because of this, the needle does not come loose during the sewing.
There is no other plate as big as this one at the bottom of the machine. This will stop the fabric from going down the machine and cause trouble.
There are many machines with needle plates marked like a scale which help the beginners. These plates can be different if the types of the machines differ. There are two kinds based on plate types: top loader machine and front loader machine.
The needle has a part that looks curved and situated topside. This has the mechanism to operate the needle.
This is your working table. You can compare this part with the chopping board of the kitchen. You load the materials and the necessary utensils on the chopping board. Just like this on this bed, you have your feed dog, and fabric. This is like a stabilizer of the machine, and this is where you work on your projects.
This part of the machine rolls and feeds the thread to the bobbing part.
This is a spool, and it handles lower thread. The machine loops the needle and bobbin threads together to form a stitch.
The other parts are – bobbin case, spool holder (it holds the spool), slide plate (keeps the bobbin case in place), hand wheel (it runs the machine by lowering and raising the needle part), stitch selector (helps you select which stitch to use), and the reverse lever (you can reverse the machine with this).
This was a very short article, and we cannot say that it will satisfy your need for information. But at least, you know now how to use a sewing machine.